Bandar Abbās

Bandar Abbas

, city (1991 pop. 249,504),  Iran, on the Strait of Hormuz at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. A port of strategic and commercial importance, it is the focal point of the trade routes of S Iran. It was long noted for its trade with India. The town has food processing, textile, and oil refining industries; cotton, rugs, nuts, and dates are exported. Early in the 16th cent. the Portuguese established themselves in the region, seizing the islands in the strait and using the town, which they fortified and called Gamru, as a mainland port. Shah Abbas I recaptured (c.1615) the town and later the islands. The Dutch (without the shah’s consent) and the English (with the shah’s approval) subsequently set up trading stations there; they called the town Gombroon. In 1622, Shah Abbas renamed the town Bandar Abbas (port of Abbas) and developed it into a major port. Bandar Abbas began to lose importance in the late 1800s, especially after the opening of the Trans-Iranian RR terminal at the head of the Persian Gulf.

In Bandar Laft there is the remains of an ancient quay, which is most probably related to the Medes, Achaemenians and Sassanids. This pier is 130 m. in length and has a solid flooring, to the thickness of 7 m. The walls of this construction is of stone.

The above mentioned temple was constructed in the year 1310 AH., during the rule of Mohammad Hassan Khan Sa’ad-ol-Molk. The same comprises of a square room in the center of which is a jagged shaped dome. The architecture of this structure is very similar.
This relic is one of the important vestiges from the times of the Portuguese and their domination on the coastal areas and islands of the Persian Gulf. The same is located in north of this island. 
This castle is located near Bandar Khamir and the entrance of the same is a spectacular construction of stone and gypsum, and has been built according to European architecture. In the four corners there are four circular towers, between every two a short .
This pavilion is a relic of the Safavid era and is located in the vicinity of the ancient pier in the Taleqani Blvd. of Bandar Abbas. Due to the fact that this edifice has an imprint of European architecture, thus its name which means foreign hat.
Bandar Abbas (previously called Gameron or Qamerun) is the capital of Hormozagan province, located in southern Iran. Bandar Abbas Port is in the middle of the Strait of Hormoz linking the Persian Gulf to the Sea of Oman, and is located 500km to the south of Kerman connected by excellent road and Railroad. It has an international airport with regular flights to other states of Persian Gulf.Bandar Abbas was named after the Shah Abbas I the Great of Safavid dynasty who founded the port in 1623 after his naval victory over the Portuguese.

During the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), Bandar Abbas was developed as the country’s major commercial port to replace Khorramshahr, which lies at the northern end of the Persian Gulf and which had been captured and occupied by Iraqi forces.

Indian Temple in Bandar Abbas By the 1990s, about 75 percent of Iranian imports through the Persian Gulf were off-loaded at Bandar Abbas. Next to the berths for international cargo ships there are docks for local fishing industry, a large shipyard for repairing and building ships, and naval facilities.

Bandar Abbas’s major industries include textile, fishing, oil refinery, aluminum and steel. This city has mining products like chromium, red oxide, salt, and sulfur, which are mainly for export. A major natural gas field surrounds the offshore island of Hengam, and another nearby island, Qeshm, has been developed as a free trade zone.

As the provincial capital, Bandar Abbas is also a local administrative center for several central government agencies and offices. The city is connected to Tehran and the rest of the country by air, rail, and road routes. Bandar Abbas is a modern city with few public tourist sites, although its bazaar is a popular attraction for shoppers. The island of Qeshm, across from Bandar Abbas in the Strait of Hormoz, has several old mosques, shrines, and cemeteries

The city of Bandar Abbas is the capital of Hormozgan Province. It is one of the important commercial and economic hubs of the country. This port city played a highly valuable role during Saddam Hussein’s imposed war on Iran, especially since the important ports of Abadan and Khoramshahr were raided by the enemy.Bandar Abbas lies on the coastlines of the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman, next to the Islands of Qeshm, Hormoz, and Laark, and is situated in close proximity to the strategic Strait of Hormoz. This port maintains significant capacities, including an advanced infrastructure and economy. Shahid Rajai wharf is a center for exchange of commodities between Iran and other countries. Bandar Abbas is connected to other regions of the country and the world via marine routes, national railroad network, transit roads, and by air.

The historical city of Bandar Abbas, in addition to its major economic role, is home to valuable historical works, such as the ancient district of Soro, Latidaan Bridge, Kolah-Farangi Building, and a Hindu temple.

The ancient district of Soro is situated west of the port city of Bandar Abbas. Several coins belonging to different eras, especially the Sassanid, Safavid, and Qajar eras have been discovered in this ancient district, which are currently kept at Bandar Abbas Museum. Based on this discovery, it seems that the rulers of Hormoz possessed a mint house and also minted gold coins, in addition to copper and silver coins.

The Latidaan Bridge is one of the historical monuments of Bandar Abbas. After the expulsion of Portuguese from Iran, the importance of Hormoz Island gradually fell and Bandar Abbas turned into the most important port of Iran. The Latidaan Bridge was constructed for the purpose of promotion of trade. This bridge is situated 50 kilometers west of Bandar Abbas over Koul River and is a historical monument, belonging to the Safavid era. It is made of stone and is one of the largest bridges of Iran. It maintains one of the best designs of ancient bridges in Iran.

Kolah Farangi Building is one of the tourist attraction sites of Bandar Abbas. It belongs to the Safavid Era and was previously home to the Customs Office of Bandar Abbas port. This building is situated in the vicinity of the ancient wharf of this port city. This building’s architecture has been influenced by the European architectural styles.

The Hindu Temple is one of the historical works of Bandar Abbas, which attracts the attention of every newcomer. It was built in 1310 AH. It is made of a chamber, covered with a dome. The architecture of this dome is different from other domes across the country and is influenced by the architecture of Indian temples.

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