Hamedan province with an area of about 20 square kilometers is located in the center of the western part of Iran. Specific position of this province has made Hamedan as one of the main communicating arteries with North, West, South and West of Iran since the ancient times. Also, presence of the ancient tribes like Kassites, Median, Achaemenid and then Parthian has changed this area as the lap of ancient civilizations. Relics like: Gian Hill, Hegmataneh and Nushijan Hills are good evidences. In Islamic period Hamedan has also undergone some important historical changes. Presence of Sadat Alavids, in Seljuk period is important because it has provided Alavian dome. In Dailamite period, we faced with the presence of the great scientist Avicenna in Hamedan at the time of Shamso dole Dailami. Tomb of this great scholar has added a special value to the city. During Ilkhanate’s chancery, and their interest in Iran’s History and Culture, caused renovation of Ester and Mordekhay tomb and Baba Taher monument. In Qajar era, Hamedan Jameh mosque and old market were also built. And finally in Pahlavi era, many different baths and old houses were built like: Ghale and Haji and Armenian old bathrooms. Also, having 9 Townships called: Nahavand, Tuyserkan, Malayer, Razan, Famenin, Bahar, Asad Abad, Kaboudarahang and Hamedan as a capital of this city and a population density of over 1.7 million people,this province is home to many historical and cultural relics. Right now, 11 Tourism Villages of Hamedan, including Habashi, Khaku, Simin Eberu, Alisadr, Gashani, Manizan, Varkane, Ghale Jough, Pary, Kaj and Oshtoran are under study. Having various potentials on building sports and recreational facilities such as mountain climbing, grass skiing, rock climbing, sailing, horse riding, cycling, etc has caused this city to be unique.
Hamedan’s Most Famous Monuments & Landmarks;
Hegmataneh Museum, and Hill, Church of Saint Gregory, the Armenian Church, and Nour (Armenian) school.
Armenians bathroom, Ganjnameh Inscriptions, stony Lion statue, tomb of Avicenna, tomb of Baba Taher, Ghorban Tower, Alavian dome, Tomb of Esther and Mordekhay, Hamedan old Bazar, and Caravanserais.
Hamedan total attractions are about 1750, registered relics of about 868, and number of 24Tourism facilities.
Currently 11 Museums are active under the supervision of Hamedan Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization .7 museums are in Hamedan and 4 other museums are in Malayer, Tuyserkan, Nahavand and Asad Abad.2 other museums of Hamedan are under supervision of Agricultural faculty and Organization for preserving Holy Defense Values.
Number of typical tourist attractions in Hamedan province are about 28 (including Sarab Gyan ,Serkan ,Alisadr ,Heydareh ,Nushijan ,Laljin, Ekbatan Dam ,Fruit Garden, Tarik Dareh , Dare Morad Beig , the northern slopes of Mount Alvand ,Kalan Dam in Malayer , Aq Gol in Malayer, Lashgar Dar district, Samen ,Shahrestaneh valley inTuyserkan ,Qalandar Syah Hill ,Gazandar Hill – Malham Dareh and…). Cultural diversity of different ethnic groups in the province such as Lorish, Kurdish, Turkish, Lak and Persian has added a special value to this area.
Hamedan Province with a history of more than 5000 years old is among historical cities with good potentials which inherited from its old dynasties. Existence of more than 150 fields of handicrafts expresses national and cultural identity of the people in Hamedan. The most important handicrafts of this province include: pottery, ceramics (the largest of its kind in the country), rugs, Glim, leather, fretwork and stone artifacts.
Hamedan the City of History& Civilization of Iran:
This city was the first capital of governmental establishments in Iran, which was called ‘Hegmataneh’ in that period, and different tribes and dynasties like: Medes, Achamenians, Sulukis, Parthians, Sassanidsm, Seljuks, and Zands selected this city as their own capital, because of having a suitable climate, unique condition, road access to different parts of the country, and finally a good situation for production and market. At the time of Medes kings, Hegmataneh reached its high glory, and it became the most populated city of its own time.
The existence of ancient vestiges like: castles, hills, holly prophets, scientists, and poets’ mausoleum and also the old Bazar (old market) constantly shows the richness of the culture and civilization and economic in this province. At present, Hamedan city is located in the eastern slope of ‘Alvand ‘ mountain, Hamedan is known as one of the five historical and cultural cities of Iran and the capital of this city is also called Hamedan which is located nearly at the 330 kilometers south-west of Tehran.