The capital of Mazandaran, Sari is the biggest and most populated city in the province. The city is located in northern Iran, between the slopes of the Alborz Mountains and the southern coast of the Caspian Sea.
The city has been mentioned in Ferdowsi’s magnum opus, the Shahnameh (Book of Kings), which recounts Iran’s mythical and historical past. Excavations at Hutto and Kamarband Caves have provided evidence of the existence of settlements around Sari as far back as the 7th millennium BC.
Throughout its history Sari has served as the capital of several local dynasties including the Bavandids (651-1349). Resket Tower is one of the tomb structures from this era. Lajeem is another similar towerbelieved to be a post-Bavandid structure.
In the Safavid era, the founder of the dynasty Shah Abbas I (1571-1629) created his alternate capital in Farahabad just outside Sari. Shah Abbas is said to have chosen this location as his mother originated from Behshahr a town in Mazandaran Province.
When the Qajar’s came to power they made Sari the capital of Mazandaran once again and the city became the center of their rule for a short period. The founder of the Qajar Dynasty Agha Mohammad Khan (1742-1797) originally held a coronation ceremony in Sari before moving his capital to Tehran.
The laying of the first Iranian railroad network began from this city and in World War II the city during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944) Sari fell under the occupation of the Soviet Army.
Sari has also been noted throughout history for its nature and many orange groves. The unique Badab Sourt Natural Spring, which is the second registered natural attraction of Iran, is located in the Chahardangeh district of Sari.
The city’s Clock Tower and Square is one of the notable landmarks of the city.
Sari is the birthplace of many prominent athletes including wrestlers Majid Torkan, Mehdi Hajizadeh and Reza Yazdani as well as director Khosrow Sinai, poet Faramarz Soleimani and singer Abdolhossein Mokhtabad.
Sari is the capital of Mazandaran located in the north of Iran on north of the Alborz Mountains and southern coast of Caspian (Mazandaran) Sea. It’s population is estimated at 262,627 However the fact is, the population of sari is very more than that estimate. It has a land area of 5089 square kilometers.
The word Sari is reminiscent of Sarouyeh, Son of Farkhan, the Great, King of Tabaristan.
Excavations in Hutto cave give the evidence for existence of settlements around Sari as far back as more than 70th millennium BC. The Muslim Historian Hamdollah Mostowfi attributes the foundation of Sari to king Tahmoures Divband of the Pishdadi dynasty. Also native people of sari have a folklore that the city was populated at about 4th millennium BC when Smith Kaveh (native of this city) revolted against tyranny of Arab Zahak. After that success, Fereydun of Pishdadi who thought that he was indebted to Kaveh choose this city to live near him until his death. For this reason, when Iraj (Son of Fereydun) was murdered by Touraj & Salam, they buried him here, Most of the people consider that Espahbod Tous-e Nouzar (great grandson of Fereidun) systematicly founded it as a city.
Also recognition by Greek historians go back to at least 6th century BC (Achaemenid dynasty) when they recorded it as Zadrakarta which then destroyed by Alexander of Macedonia. However, he directed the construction of new city and they call it “Syrinx” after the name of his lieutenant general. The city was a regional capital again in Sassanid dynasty.