Yazd

Yazd is the capital of Yazd Province, Iran. The city is located 270 km southeast of Esfahan. At the 2011 census, the population was 1,074,428 in 270٬575 families.

Yazd is the name of a province and its capital city in central Iran. The province, which extends over an area of 27,027 square miles (70,000 sq km), is largely desert, with the great salt desert known as the Kavir in the north merging into the great sand and stone desert (the Lut) of southeastern Iran. The province has lead and zinc deposits, many of which are sites of major commercial mining operations.

The city of Yazd was an important Zoroastrian religious center during the Sassanian dynasty (226–642 c.e.) and has remained a stronghold of Zoroastrianism up to the present, although adherents of this faith comprise less than 10 percent of the city’s population. In the early 2000s, about one-half of all Zoroastrians in Iran lived in Yazd, and the fire temples there and in some surrounding villages had become historic pilgrimage sites. Between the thirteenth and nineteenth centuries, the city was internationally renowned for its silk, cotton, and woolen textiles, but these handicrafts declined dramatically after 1850 as the volume of European manufactured textiles imported into Iran increased. By the mid-twentieth century, entrepreneurs had established modern cotton and woolen textile mills in the city, and Yazd gradually recovered its status as a regional commercial and production center. The railroad from Tehran to the Gulf of Oman port of Bandare Abbas, completed in 1995, passes through Yazd; its construction helped stimulate development in and migration to the city. Between 1976 and 1996, the population of Yazd increased more than 140 percent (an average of 7 percent per annum), from 135,925 to 326,776.

Yazd is a city in Iran. Almost in the center of Iran, it is the capital of Yazd province. It is an ancient city, dating from Sassanian Period (224-651 AD). Acording to UNESCO, Yazd is the Second Historic City in the World.

Get in

Yazd is located midway between Isfahan and Kerman, 689 km (427 miles) southeast of Tehran.

Yazd is served by all means of transportation except boats, both airplanes, trains and buses are available for tourists who would like to visit the city of Yazd. Also,Yazd is said to have one of the most safest and fast automobile routes throughout Iran because of its steady and well-built roads.

By Plane

There are International flights to Dubai and Damascus and daily flights to Tehran.

Get around

Most places in the old town are within easy walking distance from each other. Otherwise taxis are inexpensive.Motorcycle Taxis are another faster and cheaper way to move around in the city,but try to settle on a price before going anywhere. Local buses are also available for travellers.

  • Masjid-e Jame (Friday Mosque), dating back to the fourteenth century, is well worth a visit. Admire it at night when it is lit up.
  • Atashkadeh is the Zoroastrian fire temple. The fire on the inside has supposedly been burning since 470 AD. Entrance is free, though donations are appreciated.
  • Yazd Tower of silence (Zoroastrian’s Dakhmeh) – the name tower is misleading as they consist of huge circular walls, within those the dead were left to be picked clean by the vultures. This is done in accordance with Zoroastrian belief. However, the towers are not in use anymore and open to the public. A quiet, serene place.
  • Yazd Market Square’s Clock
  • The cistern of Fatemeh-ye-Golshan
  • Amir Chakhmakh complex, a breathtaking construction and a must-see. Visitors can climb to the top.
  • Amir Chakmakh mosque, not to be confused with the complex of the same name, but nearby and easily visited when visiting the more famous complex.
  • Yazd Water museum lots of interesting information about the Canat water distribution system, admission free, a must-see
  • Hazireh mosque
  • water reservoir with its four badgirs (wind towers)
  • Khan-e-Lari, a historical house
  • Alexanders prison, which was neither built by Alexander the great nor a prison, but quite an interesting sight with a cafe in the ‘prison room’
  • tomb of the 12 imams
  • Madrasse-e-Kamalieh
  • Bogeh-ye Seyed Rokamdin mosque
  • Dowlat Abad Gardens with a building with a beautiful large badgir.

 

DO IT IN YAZD CITY:

Walk and relax in the parks and places the city of Yazd can offer for tourists and local iranians or you can hike in the beautiful mountains of Yazd that show a spectacular and beautiful view of the city.If you are a more sociable kind of person,you can chat with local Iranians at cafes,they would be interested and would love to have a dialogue with you.

BUY IN YAZD CITY:

The local bazaar is the best way to go. Iran’s most famous snacks, nougat and cashews are available. Yazd is very famous in Iran for its various handicrafts, such as carpet, silk fabrics, cashemers and also for its pastries. If you are looking for Persian carpets at reasonable prices, there are many Persian carpets to choose from at the bazaar.

EATING IN YAZD CITY:

Tourists say old fashion Persian Restaurants are the best way to go if you want a more friendlier and more cultural atmosphere.If you are a Kebab lover,the city has many Kebab cuisines.There are a few international restaurants in Yazd which serve Italian,Indian,Arabic and Mexican food.

The traditional restaurant and tea house of Kohan Hotel is opened.There are served various kinds of iranian traditional foods,like FESSENJUN,GHEIME…and some delicious european,indian food,cooked by an Iranian lady!with a nice atmospher full of iranian paintings and tea house paintings,which gives you a different feeling!this place is strongly recommanded to all people,who want to enjoy their food near Alexander Prison.

DRINKING IN YAZD CITY:

Persian Tea is almost available anywhere in Yazd.Juice Vendors sell natural fresh Orange Juice which is considered very healthy.There are also Pomegrante Vendors who sell pomegrante juice for about the price of 0.10$ per cup.

There are many nice, yet good value hotels to choose from. A number of grand, Old City houses have been recently refurbished into atmospheric hotels, some well, others not quite so well. Many of them offer immaculate, comfortable rooms arranged around tranquil garden courtyards where you can eat, drink tea or puff away on a ghalyan while gazing at the sky above. If you’ve been slumming it through questionable mosafekhanehs until Yazd, you’re in for a pleasant surprise.

 

History of Yazd:
Yazd within its unremitting history has been going through epochs and oblivions. We are not very much aware of it’s pre-Islamic status and even after Islam had not been appreciated appropriately up to the Muzaffarid dynasty in which the first History of Yazd called “MARĀHEB-e-ElĀHI” by Mo’in-o-ddin Mo’alem-e-Yazdi was written.

YAZAD DESERT OF PARADISE:

The word Yazd means, feast and worship, the city of Yazd has resisted the modern urbanization changes and maintained its traditional structure. The geographical features of this region have made people developed special architectural styles. For this reason, in the older part of the city most houses are built of mud-bricks and have domed roofs. These materials served as insulation preventing heat from passing through.

Yasdi also is properly in Persia; it is a good and noble city, and has a great amount of trade. They weave there quantities of a certain silk tissue known as Yasdi, which merchants carry into many quarters to dispose of. The people are worshipers of Mohammad The holy prophet of Islam .

 

Geography of Yazd:

With an area of 72156 Square Kilometers, the province of YAZD is located in the center of Iran.According to the administrative division rules, it is divided into 7 districts, each include at least one town and a number of villages, all located in a particular area. These districts are: Abarkooh, Ardaakan, Bafq, Maybud, Mehreez, Taft and Yazd.

Climate of Yazd:

Yazd is the driest major city in Iran, with an average annual rainfall of only 60 millimetres (2.4 in), and also the hottest north of the Persian Gulf coast, with summer temperatures very frequently above 40 °C (104 °F) in blazing sunshine with no humidity. Even at night the temperatures in summer are rather uncomfortable.

Yazd is located midway between Isfahan and Kerman, 689 km (427 miles) south east of Tehran.
Yazd is well connected to the rest of the country by planes, trains and buses. From the bus station {GPS 31°52’37.5″N, 054°17’04.0″E}, take a local bus (the bus stop is by a little white hut on the highway in front of the main bus station) to the local bus station, then another to the bazaar.

Yazd Education
The University of Yazd was established in 1988. It has a college of Architecture specializing in traditional Persian Art and Architecture. Yazd and its nearby towns contain the following institutes of higher education:
1.    Yazd Science and Research
2.    University of Yazd
3.    Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services…

 

Yazd wild life:
The geographical and natural settings of Yazd have made it one of the most divergent wildlife areas. The Kalmand and Bahadoran protected zones, extending over an area of 25,000 hectares, Kooh Bafq, and Ariz, being100,000 hectares, located near the desert, are examples of diverse herbaceous and animal varieties.

Yazd Handicraft
Handicraft produced in Yazd province are various, some of which are world famous including carpets with charming patterns, pileless carpets, tirma, brodcaded silk, velvet, blankets, bed-cloths, earthenware, engraving, glassware and leather ware. Being delicate and beautiful, these handicraft are suitable to be kept as souvenirs.

Yazd is one of the most well-known desert cities of Iran.

Many Iranians and foreign tourists like to visit Yazd to view the architecture typically found in desert areas, DestinationIran reported.

It is known as the city of wind towers, Zoroastrians, termeh (traditional brocade), silk weaving and sweets (like baqlava and qotab).

A trip to Yazd will make you familiar with life in desert towns and how people cope with it. You learn about qanat (underground water supply system) for which Iranians are well-known.

The water reservoirs, icehouses, wind-towers and pigeon towers  make the visit to Yazd worthwhile, as tourists explore the uniqueness of this ancient city.

Yazd is located 270 km southeast of Isfahan province and with a population of approximately 560,000,  it attracts a growing number of tourists.

The city is hot and dry in summer due to its location, which is between the two main deserts of Dasht-e Kavir and the Kavir-e Lut.

Traditionally, Yazd is famous for termeh, the brocades made with Iranian patterns and used in dresses, bags, footwear and interior decoration.

The ancient caravan routes went through Yazd and linked major cities of the world. Its earlier residents were more involved in trade than agriculture.

At present, many tile and porcelain factories are operating outside Yazd, attracting laborers and producing good-quality products for domestic as well as international markets.

Attractions inside Yazd

 

Every year, lots of international travelers visit Yazd’s tourist attractions and spend at least one full day exploring the beauty of its local architecture.

Some of these attractions, which are less well known, are outlined below:

Water Museum: Affiliated to the water organization, this museum showcases how water has been supplied using various tools, methods and traditions. This is probably the best museum of water in the entire country with this topic.

Varahram Fire Temple: The most famous fire temple of Zoroastrians, Varahram is widely known for the age of its fire, which is approximately 1,500 years old and never extinguished.

Fahadan Residential Quarter: This is the oldest part of the city where houses are made of sun-dried bricks and walls are made of mud and straw. Some of the oldest monuments of the city are found here.

Boqeh Davazdeh Imam (12 Shia Imams Garden) : This is the oldest structure in Yazd still standing as a memorial building constructed approximately 900 years ago in honor of 12 Shia Imams.

Dolatabad Garden: This is a typical Persian Garden that used to be the house of Yazd governor in 18th century with the tallest wind-tower of Yazd, measuring 22 meters

Attractions outside Yazd

 

The people who visit Yazd, take a trip to explore other tourist attractions outside the city, most of which are located in Meybod . Here’s a list of them:

Shah Abbasi Caravansary (in Meybod): In Safavid era, Shah Abbas started building several caravansaries to promote trade and business. This spacious one used to be near the old town of Meybod.

Chapar-Khaneh (in Meybod): This was a mailing service station operated first by horses carrying any parcels to various destinations and later by vehicles until early 20th century.

Chack Chak (near Ardakan): Known as Pir-e-Sabz, it is the most sacred of the mountain shrines respected by Zoroastrians.

Narin Qaleh (in Meybod): This fortress is said to have been built approximately 5,000 years ago, but it has certainly existed at the time of the Medean empire. Sassanian bricks were used in it and Meybod’s governor used to live here.