Zanjan , the city of resistance, is the place of intelligent,educated and hospitable people.Its pleasant climate ,natural beauties, sightseeings,and above all its artists make zanjan a unique place to visit.Zanjan with a population of 448398 covers an area of 6763 square kilometers.Before the Islamic Revolution ,agriculture was the main source of income.But,after the Revolution ,industrial development and new academic establishments transformed Zanjan’s traditional social structure to modernity.Geographical features of zanjan province.
Zanjan province is located in northwestern Iran and its existence dates back to 2000 B.C. After remappting of the country in 1997, Qazvin and Takistan cities were sepeated from zanjan .At present, zanjan province includes seven major cities-zanjan,Abhar,Khorramdarreh, Khodabandeh,Igrood,Tarom,and Mahneshan .The province covers an area of 22164 squave kilometers,which makes up 1034% of the whole country.According to the latest census, its population amounts to 992311 people,which includes 1.50 % of the total population of the country.Zanjan province borders seven other provinces Eastern Azarbaijan,western Azarbaijan,Hamedan,Kurdistan ,Gilan,Qazvin, and Ardabil.
The sayyed Mosque
The mosque and school complex of sayyed was founded by abdollah Mirza Dadar,the 11 th son of Fath Ali Shah of Iran in 1903.This historical complex is invaluable monument which is built on Four-hall pattern mosques.
The Old Bazaar
This building was started during Agha Mohammad Kan’s rule and ended at the time of Fath Ali Shah in 1879.In 1945 a number of mosques, inns, and baths were added to the complex.The old Bazaar is built on a straight line and its eastern and western parts are named as upper and lower bazaars.
The Soltanieh Dome
Soltanieh Dome,which is located at Soltanieh town,is 35 kilometers from zanjan.The building of the monument was ordered by Soltan Mohammad Khodabandeh in 1283,and it took nine years to be completed.The dome with a diameter of 25.60 meters is 48.50 meters high.It is the third largest historical building in the world following SantaMaria Cathedral in Italy and Ayasofia mosque in Turkey.It is also the largest brick structured monument in Iran.
The Molla Hassan Kashi Tomb
2.50 kilometers from soltanieh town the Molla Hassan Kashi Tomb is located.This eight-sided tomb is designed in a way inside which looks square outside.The four halls on the first floor are connected to one another through a beautiful corridor.These connected halls build up as a gorgeous dome.The monument was built towards the end of Tahmaseb Shah’s rule in 1552.The dome is similar to Allah Allah Dome of Sheikh Safieddin Ardabili’s tomb.
The Stone Inn
It is situated in the southeast of Zanjan,and was built during the rule of Shah Abbas II.Unfortunately,parts of the complex have disappeared over the years.In 1998 it was turned in to a traditional guest house where different types of Iranian food are served.
The Hajdadash Guesthouse
This is a reception center which is located in the heart of the old Bazaar.It was built about 100 years ago,and was first intended to be used as baths,but later it was changed into a guesthouse for tourists and zanjan residents.
This building is at the centerof older zanjan which is densly populated.The district is called Abbasgholi Khan and is known as Baba Jamal choghori.The ground on which the building is constructed was purchased by Ali Akbar Khan Tofighi,who was then the mayor of the city.Two brothers named Mashhadi Akbar(the architect) and Mashhadi Esmail(the bricklayer) constructed the building.The water came from Qalache Haji Mir Bahaodin spring.It was used as a public laundry,and was run by a woman called lady Masoomeh.
Zanjan (48° 28′ longitude and 36° 40′ latitude), where the conference hold, is an ancient city. In Ptolemy’s Geography, the city is referred to as Aganzana. It is said that the Sassanid king, Ardeshir Babakan, reconstructed the city and called it Shahin but later it was renamed Zangan,,of which the present name is the arabicized form.
Before the Mongol invasion, Zanjan was a flourishing city and its famous fortress, Sar-Jahaan, was quite well known. The city and its fortress, however, were completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion. Zanjan now has a population of over 260,000. The city is connected to Tehran through a transit highway and railway. There are five train services to Tehran and back covering the 350 km distance roughly in 3 to 4 hours.
Natural and Historical Sights of Interest
Zanjan is a green and pleasant city. The Zanjan-rood, (the Zanjan River) which originates near the city of Sultanieh, runs past Zanjan. On the banks of this river there are large orchards and natural forests, such as the Forest Park of Zanjan, providing pleasant places of recreation for the inhabitants.
To the north of the province, there is the Taarom Valley with a moderate climate and overlooking the Ghizil Ozan river. Along the Zanjan-Tehran Motorway, there are places of interest including the beautiful plains of Sultanieh, 40 kilometers east of Zanjan; Saa-in Ghal ’e, 60 kilometres away; and Khorram-darreh and Ab-har, 80 kilometers away. These regions with green hills and huge orchards have a cool and refreshing climate.
Zanjan province, whose towns are located at the foots of high mountains offers plenty of attraction to mountain-climbers. The existence of natural caves such as Kataleh-Khor in Khodaa-bandeh 80 kilometers east of Zanjan, attracts many visitors every year. In winter, the Paapa ’ee ski resort, only 30 kilometers from Zanjan, is covered with snow for three months offering skiers an opportunity to enjoy themselves.
There are also historical buildings in the province. The Sultaanieh Dome, an important historical monument built under Sultan Uljaitoo in the fourteenth century A.D. is in the process of restoration. The explorers who visited the Dome in its early good shape considered it as one of the most interesting and important structures built in the Islamic era.
The congregational mosque of Zanjan and the city’s ancient bazaar are also among the places of interest. In addition to these, the shrines of Chalabi Oghli and Mullah Hassan Kaashaani near Soltanieh and that of Seyed Ebrahim in Zanjan which are a few hundred years old can also be cited among the places of interest.
This city is located in 35 km of Zanjan. It is said to have been built in a Meadow on the outskirts of an older city by the order of king Arqun, the Mongol Ilkhan. Later named Sultanieh, it was built with a citadel and watch towers and walls made of green stone. Soltan Mohammad Khodabandeh ( Oljaitu ) made the city his capital in the year 704 Hejria
Some 800 years of antiquity, Sultanieh Dome is the country’s largest ancient sight. It is also the world’s third-largest historical site proceeded by Italy’s Santa Maria Delfiore of Florence and Turkey’s Saint Sufia Mosque, of Istanbul. The Dome is 48.5 meters high and 25.6 meters in diameter, which registered by the UNESCO as a historical and archeological-significant monument. Sultanieh Dome is frequently visited by numerous Iranian and foreign tourists.
As commanded by Oljaitu, a famous Mongolian ruler also known as Soltan Mohammad Khodabandeh, The Dome was built in nine years as 704 lunar Hejira. Decorative skills applied in the construction of this dome mark the perfection of Iranian architectures, the plaster and tile working of this dome is unique in terms of inscriptions, designs, the Quranic verses and paintingjame-Mosque
Jame-Mosque and school which is the locally famous as Seyed and Soltani mosque is located at the ancient texture of the Zanjan province. This splendid and historical mosque was constructed by “Abdollah Mirza” the son of king Fathali Shahe Qajar when he was ruling in Zanjan 1242 A.H. The architecture and design of this long-lasting and fantastic monument was made of the four Eivans. Each Eivan was allocated to theological science and education center. The fourfold Eivan has 48 meters long and 35 meters width. In this mosque 22 small chambers were set up for dwelling of the religious scholar.
Rakhtshooi Khaneh (wash-house)
Wash-house monument lies at the historical texture of the city compiling with the time in the year 1347 Lunar Hijira. This place was used for washing clothes by women around the city. The water of the building has been provided with the well water and underground water tables of the Haji Mir Baha-e-din Ghalejee .This ancient building is being used as Zanjan Anthropological Museum.
The construction of the traditional Bazaar collection began during the rule of the king Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar and finished in the king Fat Ali Shah era (1213 A.H).
In 1324 Hejira several cultural centers including mosque, traditional public baths and caravansaries added to the collection. The Bazaar collection divided the ancient texture of the city in the form of the one direct line entitled upward and downward Bazaar, into two northern and southern sections. In this collection there are certain guilds of trade union such as goldsmith, cloth-dealer, hat maker as well as Zanjan handicrafts union.has also played a major role in the providing social, religious and sanitary needs for the people.
Historical and Ancient Bridges
In the south of the province, there is aHistorical and Ancient Bridges
In the south of the province, there is a long In the south of the province, there is a long river called Zanjan-Rood which is now famous as Zanjan chay .Across the saeed river, some historical and well-known bridge including Seyed Mohammad bridge ,Mir Baha-e-din bridge and Sardar bridge have been constructed during the reign of the Qajar dynasty.
Kataleh Khor A Most Beautiful, Mysterious Cave
Kataleh Khor Cave, one of the most beautiful in the world, is located 165 km southwest of Zanjan. The entrance to the cave is situated on the southern slopes of the 2,000-meter high Saghizloo Mountain. At least 12,000 to 13,000 visitors go to Kataleh Khor Cave each year. The entrance to Kataleh Khor resembles a crevice at the beginning and culminates in a triangular arch. Archeologists have made the entrance bigger and it currently stands at 1.5 meter high. The first labyrinth is 400 meters from the entrance of the cave. It is expansive and has a high ceiling. After the labyrinth, the gallery, channels and passages have taken shape gradually becoming larger or smaller. The area of the labyrinth is 200-300 square meters. Chains of galleries are separated from each other. Some of them are open ended while others have narrow strip linking to other passages or labyrinths. Some of the strips have yet not been paved while others remain undiscovered. The floor of the labyrinths and channels are uneven and has formed through the ages with the dissolution of stones and shaping of new waterways. Sometimes the waterways are deep and wide in the labyrinths and passages and there are crystallized stalactites which are beautiful and have taken shape from top to the bottom. They are spectacular. Those who have been through the cave say that the visibility inside the cave extends to 700 meters. Some potteries dating back to 2000 BC have been found in the cave.
Zanjan is the capital of Zanjan Province in northwestern Iran. It lies 300 km northwest of Tehran on the main highway to Tabriz and approximately 125 km from the Caspian Sea.
Tourism Attractions of Zanjan Province:
Historical monument of Laundry In this place, the local and traditional clothes of the people from different regions of Iran, handicraft and traditional arts of the province including sabot, filigree, diaphoretics, wooden products, kilim carpet, and knifes are showed for public. Kataleh Khor Cave Kataleh Khor Cave is a limy and dry cave. One interesting point is that this cave is connected to Alisadr Cave in Hamedan. One of the other wonders and beauties of this cave is the floors number of this cave and these types of caves are very unique.
- Soltanieh Dome-Soltanieh:
One of the greatest and most important monuments of Islamic Patriarch period of Iran is Soltanieh Dome. The allover the inside of this dome is covered of different inscriptions which have been drafted on the plaster with dye.
All over the dome Quran verses and prophet’s hadith and apothems by of Imam Ali are observed.